- Deformities of the jaws can result in functional problems such as difficulty with speaking, eating, swallowing and breathing. It can also have a considerable impact on facial aesthetics and harmony and in a relatively small group of patients, may result in sleep related disorders and significant life-threatening general health problems.
CORRECTIVE JAW SURGERY
- Also called orthognathic surgery, corrects abnormalities of the jaw bones and realigns the jaws and teeth to improve both function and facial cosmesis and appearance. This surgery can treat the large protruding jaw, weak and severely receded chin, or where facial features are poorly balanced, ultimately resulting in improved facial symmetry, harmony and a more pleasing appearance.
FOREHEAD REDUCTION SURGERY
(CONTOURING OR RESHAPING)
The forehead makes up the upper 1/3 of the face and essentially “frames” the entire face. A long or short forehead or an underlying abnormality of the bone or soft tissue can disturb facial harmony and proportions and ultimately result in poor facial cosmesis and appearance.
Forehead reduction surgery, also known as forehead reshaping or contouring surgery is typically performed for aesthetic purposes in clients unhappy with the size and/or shape of their forehead and looking to improve appearance. The forehead could appear either too masculine or too feminine, or simply be out-of-balance with other facial features. Forehead Reduction Surgery is considered an integral part of facial feminization surgery as it can create a more feminine forehead and improve overall facial cosmesis. This can also be offered to men conscious of feminine appearance of their forehead.
The procedure shapes the forehead and the bone around the eyes to reduce forehead and brow ridge prominence. Reducing bone under the brows can also open up the eyes, creating a more naturally feminine, softer appearance. An additional benefit of this surgery is the ability to concurrently increase or reduce the size of the forehead by changing the hairline.
DIFFERENT TYPES OF FOREHEAD SURGERY
- Brow Bone reduction for Large or prominent brow bones
- Brow Bone Augmentation in patients with weak with onlay materials such as implants or bone cements.
- Forehead Plasty to augment or reduce bony irregularities such as osteomas, forehead convexities, prominence or flatness.
- Reducing the size of a large forehead or alternatively lengthening a small forehead by changing the hairline
- Human face is rarely symmetrical. However, pronounced facial asymmetry where there is an obvious disharmony between the two sides of the face is often considered aesthetically unacceptable and in some cases a sign of an underlying congenital, developmental or acquired anomaly. This could involve any part of the face and may affect both form and function.
- The degree of acceptance of this malformation will depend largely on the area involved and the perception of the patient’s imbalance. Facial asymmetries are often more pronounced and visible in the lower third of the face.
TREATMENT FOR FACIAL ASYMMETRY
- There are several ways to treat facial asymmetry, primarily depending on the nature of the contributing anomaly. The underlying cause could be either soft tissue or hard tissue related and, in some cases, due to a combination of both factors.
Generally, the available treatment options for Facial Asymmetry are as follows:
Soft Tissue Surgery
- Fat Grafting
- Brow Lift
- Face/Neck lift, Midface Lift
- Hairline Alteration Surgery
- Buccal Fat Removal
- Soft Tissue Transfer for Volume or Support
- Facial Slings/Support
- Scar Revision/Soft Tissue Excision
- Oculoplastic Surgery to alter shape/Cosmesis of the eyes
Hard Tissue Surgery
- Jaw Surgery
- Facial Implants
- Facial Bone Reduction/Shave/Contouring
- The aesthetic balance of facial proportions is paramount to the aesthetic facial norms. Attractiveness is often defined as a proportionality of the major aesthetic units. Patients with large forehead typically demonstrate disproportionate facial units and remain frustrated and self-conscious of a high hairline.
- Also called Hairline Lowering Surgery or Forehead Reduction, this surgery lowers the hairline and reduces the height of the forehead and achieves more aesthetically appealing facial proportions.
- Individuals concerned with long forehead can restore a more aesthetically appealing facial proportion with this technique. This procedure is often combined with Brow Lift Surgery to achieve a more balanced forehead.